PUCL, Aligarh Unit Observes Meeting On UN’s 70th Anniversary
On the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the United Nations (UN), the Executive Committee of Peoples Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), Aligarh Unit, today held a meeting, which observed that the United Nations should be restructured to give representation to emerging world powers like India, Japan, Germany, South Africa, Turkey and Brazil.
Professor Salahuddin Qureshi, PUCL President, presided over the meeting, which was attended by PUCL members Prof Samina Khan, Vice President; Prof Latif Hussain Shah Kazmi, Treasurer; Dr M Mohibul Haque, Secretary; Dr Akbar J A Syed, Joint Secretary; Dr Ayesha Munira Rasheed, Executive Member; Ansari P A; Ayush Gaur; Abdul Mabood and Ankita Thakur.
Observing that the UN has become outdated in 70 years of functioning, the PUCL meeting stated that there is a need to restructure the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) as it is the only United Nations body armed with the powers to make war and peace.
PUCL president, Prof Salahuddin said that while the geopolitical realities have changed drastically since 1945, the setup of the current council has changed very little during this period.
Prof Samina, Vice President, PUCL lamented that the UN was expanded in 1965 to add four non permanent members, since then it’s membership has increased from 113 to 193 members, without any change in the composition of the UNSC.
Prof Latif, Treasurer, PUCL pointed out that UNSC still reflects the geopolitical architecture at the cessation of the Second World War. He added that the Council’s five permanent members US, Britain, France, Russia and China enjoy their privileged position and veto power by virtue of having won the war 70 years ago.
Pointing out that the five UN permanent members hardly represent the realities of the 21st century; Dr Mohibul Haque, Secretary, PUCL stated that Japan and Germany are the second and third largest financial contributors to the UN, yet they are not represented in the Security Council.
Dr Akbar, Joint Secretary said that even a booming economy and the world’s largest liberal democracy, India is not a permanent UN member. He pointed out that this is despite that India has a major IT industry and is the third largest economy of the world in terms of purchasing power.
Dr Akbar said: “In the last 20 years, India has emerged as a leading player in the management of global affairs and represents the interests of the developing countries at all the international bodies. India has participated in almost all the military operations, which Security Council has undertaken so far. India is the second largest troop contributor to the UN and has made a huge contribution to the fulfilment of the aims and objectives of the U.N”.
Dr Ayesha Munira Rasheed, Executive Member, PUCL said that there is no permanent member from Africa despite 75 percent of the work of the UNSC focused is on Africa. She added that the entire continents of Africa, South America and the Middle East have no representation in the UNSC.
The PUCL meeting further observed that the UN operates in a global environment that is complex, vastly more challenging and demanding than the world of 1945.
The meeting also observed: “It must anticipate, lead and embrace change. If the existing institution fails to keep pace with the changing world around, it will fall by the way side and be replaced by new institutions. PUCL Aligarh unit demands restructuring in UN to make it more representative and relevant.”